cabg cvicu

Recovering CABG & Cardiac/Heart Surgery Patients in the CVICU

So there's no formal documentation from the perspective of an Intensivist on how to manage a CABG patient who is coming out of the CVOR to the CVICU. I'm sure some brilliant anesthesiologist or other intensivist has done this before but I just haven't found it. That being said, let's get started. By the way, …

Continue reading Recovering CABG & Cardiac/Heart Surgery Patients in the CVICU

hobt intensivists

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Intensivists- by Kurt Laipple

For over 100 years, hyperbaric chambers have been used as an evidenced based treatment for diving emergencies. However, hyperbaric indications are typically not common knowledge outside of diving and outpatient wound care fields. This primer is intended to help intensivists understand hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) indications and challenges relevant to critical care. Cite this post …

Continue reading Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Intensivists- by Kurt Laipple

paxlovid

Paxlovid (PF-07321332/ritonavir) for Outpatient COVID: EPIC-HR Trial

I have mentioned that I am not a fan of medicine by press release, most recently when covering molnupiravir. Earlier today, 11/5/21, Pfizer put out a press release with the headline in all caps "PFIZER’S NOVEL COVID-19 ORAL ANTIVIRAL TREATMENT CANDIDATE REDUCED RISK OF HOSPITALIZATION OR DEATH BY 89% IN INTERIM ANALYSIS OF PHASE 2/3 …

Continue reading Paxlovid (PF-07321332/ritonavir) for Outpatient COVID: EPIC-HR Trial

fluid bolus 2

Fluid Bolus in Resuscitation: Pressure Bag vs. 999ml/hr on the IV Pump

A common scenario that occurs daily, heck even perhaps hourly, in most emergency departments or intensive care units around the world including providing patient with IV fluids rapidly to resuscitate hypotensive patients or those who are in shock. In order to mitigate said hypotension/shock, the most common response by clinicians is to administer IV fluids. …

Continue reading Fluid Bolus in Resuscitation: Pressure Bag vs. 999ml/hr on the IV Pump

icu delirium

Delirium in the ICU & Critically Ill Patients

Unfortunately, delirium in ICU and critically ill patients is a quite common problem that we are having trouble making progress on controlling. It is quite frustrating when I am caring for a patient who has recovered from their main life-threatening insult to be left encephalopathic and the family constantly asking "what's wrong". The most common …

Continue reading Delirium in the ICU & Critically Ill Patients

high flow copd

COPD & Nasal High Flow/High-Flow Nasal Cannula (NHF, HFNC, HFO)

Standard of care for patients who have acute COPD exacerbations with hypercapnia is to provide the patients with steroids, nebulizations, supplemental oxygen, and positive pressure. What if I were to tell you that one could potentially with the high flow nasal cannula systems to treat COPD exacerbations? Well, that's why you're here on this page. …

Continue reading COPD & Nasal High Flow/High-Flow Nasal Cannula (NHF, HFNC, HFO)

pulse pressure variation

Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) for Fluid/Volume Responsiveness

There are numerous methodologies that we can utilize to determine fluid responsiveness in our critically ill patients in the emergency department or in the intensive care unit. In this post, I will be taking a deep dive into pulse pressure variation, PPV as the shorthand. For details about the other methods for determining fluid responsiveness, …

Continue reading Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) for Fluid/Volume Responsiveness

end-expiratory occlusion

End-Expiratory Occlusion for Fluid/Volume Responsiveness

What is end-expiratory occlusion testing? It is a method we can use at the bedside to determine whether a patient is fluid responsive. We have actually known about this since 2009 when Monnet et al. explored this concept in a not-free article. The full description of the heart-lung interaction that allows this to work is …

Continue reading End-Expiratory Occlusion for Fluid/Volume Responsiveness

medical articles

Beginners Guide: Appraising Medical Articles & Evidence-Based Medicine

Many find reading medical journal articles overwhelming. There was a point where I was like this as well, I wasn't born knowing how to read this nerdy stuff. Here's a quick tip to get you started and to share with your friends. This is by no means an all encompassing review. There are many ways …

Continue reading Beginners Guide: Appraising Medical Articles & Evidence-Based Medicine

iv or io cardiac arrest

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest! No Access. Place an IV or an IO?

CODE BLUE! Run! Run! Arrive and the patient has no IV access. What should we do next? Place a peripheral IV or place an intraosseous access? Which will lead to better outcomes? These authors took a retrospective look at in-hospital cardiac arrest at one center. They looked at a total of 1039 patients when it …

Continue reading In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest! No Access. Place an IV or an IO?